Pressure 140 to 90 in medical terminology is known as a state of borderline hypertension, since for some people this is normal, and for most it is the first sign of the onset of the disease.
Age-related changes in the body, as a rule, lead to the further development of this condition - a steady increase in pressure, and there is a risk of certain diseases of the cardiovascular system.
Causes of pressure 140 to 90
The pressure is 140 by 90 mm. Hg Art. - this is the minimum figure, which, when re-measured, is already considered to be arterial hypertension of the first degree or according to another borderline hypertension.
Doctors identify the main causes that lead to the development of hypertension:
- Obesity. Every kilogram of excess weight increases the pressure by 1 mm Hg. That is, an extra 20 kg will lead to a guaranteed hypertension.
- Improper diet, including eating large amounts of salt. Alcohol abuse.
- Heredity. If the closest relatives (parents, siblings) suffered from hypertension.
- Age. The walls of the arteries lose elasticity over the years, the resistance of blood vessels to the blood flow rises, the pressure increases.
- Arterial hypertension can be secondary, i.e., in renal diseases, renal vascular disease, endocrine diseases, aortic coarctation.
- Constant stress.
With a constant, albeit slight increase in pressure, not only arteries and blood vessels are damaged, but also the heart, brain, and even vision deteriorates. The most dangerous manifestation of hypertension - hypertensive crisis, which develops from a sharp jump in pressure.
What is hypertension?
This is a persistent increase in blood pressure of 140/90 mm Hg. Art. and higher. According to statistics, only 20-30% of patients with hypertension receive adequate therapy, and only 7% of men and 18% of women regularly monitor their blood pressure.
In the initial stages, arterial hypertension is asymptomatic or is detected by chance during screenings or when patients visit a doctor for treatment of other diseases.
With prolonged high blood pressure, the walls of blood vessels thicken and lose their ability to relax, this prevents normal blood supply and, as a result, tissue and organ saturation with oxygen and other nutrients, reducing their functional activity. Consider in more detail than dangerous hypertension:
- hypertensive crisis;
- myocardial infarction or stroke;
- angina pectoris;
- heart failure;
- coronary heart disease;
- renal failure;
- vision distortion.
To avoid any complications with which so dangerous hypertension, it is necessary to consult a doctor in a timely manner and make an examination, which will help determine the stage of the disease development and prescribe the required treatment.
Moderately elevated pressure can often not manifest itself for a long time. A person may not feel it, ignore an almost imperceptible change in his condition, considering it to be normal - it’s not for nothing that the name of a silent killer was fixed to the pressure of a borderline type.
Complaints at elevated pressure:
- feeling unwell and blurred consciousness;
- heaviness and pain in the head, heart pain;
- pulsation of the vessels of the head;
- feeling of "sand" in the eyes;
- fever and flushing in the face;
- congestion in the ears;
- slight clouding of consciousness.
Some people tolerate these numbers well and do not make any complaints about the deterioration of health, while others suffer them extremely painfully.
What to do at a pressure of 140 to 90
Drug measures at a pressure of 140 to 90 consist of prescribing antihypertensive drugs by doctors of various groups. Their action is to remove excess fluid from the body, the expansion of blood vessels, which helps to reduce pressure.
Medicines that help reduce pressure, divided into five groups.
- Diuretic drugs (indapamide, furosemide). Their treatment is carried out very carefully, since potassium, which is very important for the heart, is removed from the body along with the fluid.
- Calcium antagonists ("verapamil", "nifedipine"). These drugs block calcium channels, and do not allow the walls of blood vessels to contract. The result is an increase in the lumen of blood vessels, the blood flow is restored and the pressure returns to normal. The use of calcium antagonists is contraindicated in the narrowing of the aorta, heart failure, ventricular dysfunction, arrhythmias.
- The group of ACE inhibitors - drugs intended for long-term treatment of hypertension, including borderline hypertension (have contraindications - they can not be prescribed for renal failure, allergic reactions to drugs, pregnancy, and during feeding).
- Adrenoblockers (antenodolod, betaxolol). Prevent exposure to adrenaline vessels.
- Angiotensin antagonists (Cozaar, Losartan). They have the same contraindications as ACE inhibitors.
As for folk remedies, the intake of tinctures and decoctions from adonis, yarrow and viburnum, Japanese Sophora and plantain, mistletoe and peppermint, dried flowers of valerian and horse chestnut, calendula and hawthorn has a positive effect. They allow to lower the level of arterial pressure to acceptable values.