Staphylococcus in the throat is the presence in the mucous membrane of the pharynx or larynx bacteria that can cause an infectious-inflammatory process. A microbe can exist there as a conditionally pathogenic microflora, that is, without causing a disease, but can cause an inflammatory reaction.
Staphylococcus aureus is considered the most dangerous, as it is more often than other species (epidermal and saprophytic) causes the disease and is the most aggressive.
The most susceptible to infection are the elderly or those with weak immunity, as well as young children. Everyone can be its carrier, while you can not even guess about your hidden illness.
What it is?
Staphylococcus is a bacterium that belongs to the cocci family. It is quite resistant to environmental influences. On objects bacterium can live up to six months. Staphylococcus is able to infect any organ in the human body, but most often it is localized on the skin and mucous membrane in the throat and in the nose.
Children of younger age are most susceptible to staphylococcal infections, especially after the action of harmful factors during pregnancy and during labor (pathology of pregnancy, a prolonged anhydrous period of labor), who are in early artificial feeding. Elderly people are at risk of this infection, especially with diabetes mellitus, cancer and rheumatic diseases, eczema.
The danger of this bacterium lies in the fact that the pathogen staphylococcus is not susceptible to antibiotics, namely cephalosporins and penicillins. That is why the treatment of Staphylococcus aureus is much longer and more difficult than the elimination of common bacteria. If you start the process of treatment, it can be fatal.
Infection can occur:
- airborne droplets;
- at non-observance of personal hygiene;
- intrauterinely from mother to child.
If a person has staphylococcus, then it can lead to chronic diseases and purulent infections. Staphylococcus has the ability to migrate through the body, and it is unlikely that it will linger in the throat, therefore, other organs may also be affected.
Frequent complications of Staphylococcus aureus may include: meningitis, pneumonia, osteomyelitis, endocarditis, and even sepsis.
Symptoms of Staphylococcus in the throat
In adults, when staphylococcus aureus hits the mucous surface of the throat and its progression, the following symptoms are observed:
- lack of appetite;
- sharp headache.
- raising the temperature threshold to 39-40 °;
- uncharacteristic increase in swelling of the lymph nodes;
- pain when swallowing saliva, fluid and food;
- swelling of the mucous throat, the appearance of whitish plaque or pustular neoplasms;
In short, all the symptoms are characteristic of purulent tonsillitis. With the only difference that a staph infection is poorly treatable with antibiotics and can migrate to other organs, including the joints.
Diagnostics includes seeding bacteria, as well as blood sampling, with which physicians detect the bacterium staphylococcus. To determine the sensitivity of staphylococcus to antibacterial drugs, the doctor conducts an additional test.
Before treating staphylococcus in the throat, it is necessary to take into account the presence of individual intolerance to the components of the medicine, so a special treatment complex should be selected for each patient. The dosage is also determined by the attending physician depending on it and it depends on the age and weight category.
Preventing infection with Staphylococcus aureus will help to observe the usual rules of hygiene, the absence of strong stress, normal diet, sleep and rest, as well as regular rehabilitation of all chronic foci in the oral cavity and nasal passages.
How to treat staph in the throat
Staphylococcus aureus is very high and low temperatures, as well as to sudden temperature changes, it also constantly mutates and develops resistance to antibiotics. Therefore, in the treatment of staphylococcus in the throat, you must immediately contact a specialist to avoid complications.
As mentioned above, the selection of drugs should take into account that Staphylococcus aureus is extremely resistant to the use of antibiotics - the microorganism produces enzymes that destroy them. Therefore, to cure this infection, anti-bacterial preparations of a new generation are used, including:
- Semisynthetic and protected penicillins ("Amoxiclav", "Nafitllin");
- Aminoglycosides ("Neomycin", "Kanamycin");
- Others ("Vancomycin", "Tetracycline", "Clindamycin", "Rifaximin", "Oflocacin").
Due to the fact that taking antibiotics can cause dysbacteriosis, some doctors may prescribe an additional dose of drugs that will help normalize the intestinal microflora.
With the ineffectiveness or impossibility of conducting antibacterial therapy, patients are prescribed a staphylococcal bacteriophage, which, in fact, is a bacterial virus. Its advantages are that it affects only certain pathogenic microorganisms without damaging the normal microflora, has no contraindications and side effects.
Symptomatic treatment in adults with the development of a purulent process in the oropharynx as a result of exposure to Staphylococcus aureus is the same as with angina. Folk remedies should not be carried away, they should complement the main treatment.
Treatment of Staphylococcal Carriage
How to treat? To eliminate the carriage of Staphylococcus aureus, you can use the following scheme:
- Staphylococcal bacteriophage 3 to 5 ml in each nostril twice a day for 7 days.
- IRS-19, one dose in each nostril 2 times a day during the month.
- Bronhomunal 7 mg in the morning for 10 days, only 3 courses with an interval of 20 days.
A month after the end of such treatment, you need to pass a control sowing on the microflora.